August 12, 2020

What is the Puebla Panama Plan?

PPP, an abbreviation of the Puebla Panama Plan, is a sustainable project that included the integral development of the southern states of Mexico and the Central American countries, proposed by Mexican President Vicente Fox. The plan was directed to re-launch the Mexico-central American cooperation, which includes:

  • Strengthening and expanding policy coordination through institutional mechanisms
  • Rebuilding and infrastructure of the common interests

The project empathizes on raising the standard of living of the inhabitants and also contributes to their growth and welfare, which includes:

  • Character promotion
  • Management of investments by generating employments
  • Modernization of infrastructure
  • Facilitate integration process

History of PPP

It was first introduced on March 12th, 2001, by the Mexican president Vicente Fox and was launched officially one month hence, on June 15th, 2001. However, due to technical issues and aspects, it was forced to be withdrawn and was re-launched in March 2004. During the re-launch, there were a lot of changes that took place and also lays emphasis on social concerns, which were not included during the first launch. Even after Felipe Calderon took office as president, it changed nothing as he continued the project. He also emerged the Mesoamerica integration that had a funding infrastructure for the development projects put forward by the president and his people.

The Mesoamerica integration and development project was finally, officially launched in 2008, which eventually became a technical instance for the cooperation within the mechanism. Over the years, Calderon included Colombia to the Mesoamerican integration and development projects and emphasized on laying a solid foundation to foster the democratic practices and the issues in the region and to overcome them.

Mesoamerican Initiatives

  • The framework of the PPP project includes eight key components:
  • Integration of telecommunication services
  • Facilitating commercial exchanges
  • Promoting tourism
  • Sustainable development
  • Human development
  • Mitigation and prevention of natural as well as human-made disasters
  • Integration of better roads and services
  • Interconnection of energy


Implications on reality

The PPP is an antidemocratic consent because it is a prefabricated, geopolitical project that aims and building Mesoamerican areas and areas of serves to improve the infrastructure, starting from the basic transactional operations, oligarchic groups as well as the general financial whereabouts and organizations. This not only calls for the violation of the sovereignty of both countries but also raises the question of self-determination among the citizens of both countries.

Goal and financing for the projects

The main objective of the PPP project is the improvement of the quality of life of the inhabitants through social and economic betterment, based on development projects which also includes the sustainable and integration of better goods and resources to the countries as mentioned above. The financing for the project comes from the Member states, the Mesoamerican agencies, south-south and triangular corporations and even a few from the public and private partnerships.

Projects of PPP

Economic projects include:

Transport, energy, telecommunication, trade and competitiveness

Social projects include:

Health, disaster and risk management, environment, housing, food, security and nutrition

Puebla Panama Plan
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